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Prostate Cancer

Karolinska is a high-volume center for the treatment of prostate cancer in all phases of the disease, with expertise in all treatment modalities.

Prostate cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer and primarily affects older men. The disease occurs when a malignant tumor forms in the prostate, usually in the outer part of the gland. 

The team at our center for urological diseases includes surgeons, oncologists, pathologists, and radiologists, as well as specially trained support staff. They all cooperate closely to provide comprehensive but personalized care, from counseling and treatment to recovery, even after leaving the hospital. 

Also, patients with non-curable diseases are treated by our multidisciplinary team. Many different treatment options are available, such as hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, intravenous radiotherapy, and palliative radiotherapy. 



The data is updated approximately every quarter and covers the last 12 months. Data provided by PREM, read more about PREM here.

Early-stage prostate cancer usually does not cause symptoms, which is why regular prostate checks are essential for men over 50. When prostate cancer has developed, symptoms such as an increased need to urinate or a feeling of a not entirely empty bladder after urinating can occur.

Prostate cancer is diagnosed with a prostate biopsy, but most prostate cancers are first discovered in screening. The urology clinic at Karolinska performs about 400 prostatectomies every year and about 120 cystectomies a year. The clinic is at the front line of research in both prostate cancer and bladder cancer and collaborates with major international urological centers.

Our team of experts customizes every treatment to ensure the best possible outcomes, always at the cutting edge to increase precision and minimize side effects. 

Robotic surgery 

The clinic has been a pioneer in robotic surgery, and the technique was introduced to the department as early as 2002. Today the urology clinic is one of the world’s leading clinics in urological surgery, with a very high volume of robot-assisted surgeries. Surgeons worldwide regularly visit Karolinska to learn more about robotic surgery. We treat prostate cancer with excellent results by providing specialized and highly specialized urology surgery and robotic surgery. We are currently performing robotic surgery using both Da Vinci and HUGO systems.  

Radiation therapy 

Radiotherapy is a curative treatment method for prostate cancer. There are different types of radiotherapy: external beam radiotherapy, brachytherapy, and a combination of these treatments. 

Comparative studies regarding the therapeutic effects of surgery versus radiotherapy are limited and have so far shown little difference in oncological outcomes for localized prostate cancer. Both methods may be used. Radiation is recommended for locally advanced tumors, often in combination with hormones.  


Brachytherapy, most often used in combination with external beam radiotherapy, means that the radiation source is brought into the cancerous tumor, making it possible to deliver very high doses of radiation to the tumor and reduce the risk of side effects for surrounding organs. This method was introduced in 1998 at Karolinska University Hospital, and currently Karolinska is one of the treatment centers with the most experience in brachytherapy. 
External radiation is delivered from a linear accelerator directed to the prostate gland multiple times, often over several weeks. To reduce side effects and enhance the safety of the delivery of the dose, small gold markers are used to position the patient. These gold markers are inserted in the prostate via the rectum using ultrasound before planning the radiotherapy. A magnetic camera examination and computed tomography are then carried out.  
External radiotherapy is carried out using image-guided technology (IGRT), where images are taken before and during the therapy to deliver the radiation dose with high accuracy, which reduces the risk of side effects. 
In case of relapse with rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels after surgery, so-called salvage radiation therapy is used. It is a type of external radiation therapy given over a seven-week period. Sometimes salvage radiotherapy is combined with hormonal treatmen


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