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Melanoma and Other Skin Cancers

Different specialists work together at the Karolinska Skin Cancer Center to ensure the best diagnostics and treatment options.

In recent decades there has been a steep increase in the incidence of skin cancers, including melanoma. This increase is, at least in part, believed to be related to ultraviolet radiation exposure habits. Basal cell and squamous carcinoma skin cancers are almost always cured by surgery; however, a small portion becomes locally aggressive. Most melanomas are also operated on at an early stage and have a good prognosis.  
  
However, some melanomas are diagnosed at later stages and are more prone to metastasize. At the Karolinska Skin Cancer Center, different specialists work together to ensure the best diagnostics and treatment options. Our multidisciplinary team includes dermatologists, surgeons, medical and radiation oncologists, radiologists, pathologists, and specialist nurses. All patients are provided with a contact nurse, available from diagnosis to follow-up. The contact nurse is the first point of contact and is responsible for toxicity assessments, symptom management, and the individual care plan.

Karolinska Skin Cancer Center is a specialized consultant clinic providing, for example, teledermascopy, Mohs surgery, and Bucky radiotherapy. We also provide specialist follow-up for individuals at increased risks of skin cancers, such as those with a history of skin cancers, familial and genetic predisposition, as well as immune-suppressed patients.  

The majority of melanomas are cured with surgery that usually includes primary surgery of the melanoma and a second wide local excision, and for thicker tumors, sentinel node biopsies from locoregional lymph nodes. For patients with more advanced diseases, we offer additional surgical procedures and oncologic treatments, including adjuvant treatments, immunotherapy, and radiotherapy. In addition, our clinical trial unit includes melanoma patients in studies exploring novel treatment options (Phase I, II, and III studies).

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